Hyperthyroidism in Cats Disease in cats: Hyperthyroidism is caused by a tumor, usually benign, of the thyroid gland that secretes excessive amounts of thyroid hormone. This has many effects on cats



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Hyperthyroidism in Cats

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Hyperthyroidism in Cats

The Disease

Hyperthyroidism is caused by a tumor, usually benign, of the thyroid gland that secretes excessive amounts of thyroid hormone. This has many effects on the body since the thyroid controls many basic body functions such as heart rate and contraction, appetite, weight control, heat tolerance, water consumption, to name a few. When a cat is hyperthyroid, these functions become exaggerated.

Clinical signs

In most cases, they eat with exceptionally good appetites but lose weight. They drink and urinate more. Frequent vomiting (several times a month) and/or diarrhea often occur. Their heart beats faster, and the heart muscle can become thickened (hypertrophied), a state that can lead to heart failure. High blood pressure can occur, and hypertension can lead to further strain on the heart and eye problems (such as detached retinas). Behavior changes such as nervousness, restlessness or even aggression can result. If left untreated, this condition will result in a progressive weight loss and overly stressed organs.

Diagnosis

Cats with these signs are suspected of being hyperthyroid and sometimes an enlarged thyroid gland can be felt along the bottom part of the neck alongside the windpipe. However, the diagnosis is made on the basis of a blood test.

A complete panel and urinalysis are helpful to rule out concurrent diseases, and it is specifically a T4 level or sometimes, a free T4 (done by a different laboratory technique) that diagnoses this condition.

Assessment of the cat's blood pressure is recommended since hypertension is a common complication of hyperthyroidism. Sometimes, this resolves with the treatment of the hyperthyroid state. However, sometimes, it necessitates specific medication to control. As with humans, high blood pressure has several negative side-effects including additional stress on the heart and kidneys and the risk for sudden blindness due to retinal detachment.

Once your cat's condition has been diagnosed, your veterinarian will discuss treatment options. There are 3 treatments, each with advantages and disadvantages.

Medication

The most commonly used medication is methimazole (Tapazole). This can be prescribed through a human pharmacy as a tablet or a veterinary compounding pharmacy as a flavored chewable tablet or a flavored liquid, given orally, or as a transdermal form (a paste applied topically to inside the ear). Depending on the cat's starting T4 levels and the cat's response to the medication, it is given 1-2 times a day.

Side effects

Negative reactions to the medication can occasionally occur: decreased appetite (some leveling off from a ravenous appetite is normal after starting treatment), vomiting, diarrhea and itchiness of the head and neck. Adverse reactions, if they occur, usually happen in the first 3 months of treatment. Monitoring

After starting medication, at minimum, a blood test of T4 levels will need to be rechecked every 3-4 weeks until control is achieved. This is not a time tested and can be done at any time in relation to when the medication was given. It is ideal to do a complete blood panel that includes a T4 level since this allows for evaluation of the cat's other organs. Liver enzymes are often increased with hyperthyroidism; they should go back into the normal range with treatment of hyperthyroidism. When they remain increased or continue to go up, there is concern for concurrent liver disease. The kidney values are evaluated also since some cats will also have mild kidney failure that is "masked" by the hyperthyroid state. In these cases, cats will only "show" their kidney problems once the hyperthyroidism is treated. It also measures platelets and red blood cell counts that are sometimes decreased in numbers by the medication.

Control

Control of hyperthyroidism is achieved when the cat is doing well - no longer vomiting or having diarrhea, is no longer losing weight and is showing no ill effects from the medication and when the lab values are within normal. For most cats, this can include blood tests every 3-4 weeks until the proper dosage is attained.

Long term maintenance

For long term maintenance, a complete physical exam and complete blood panel including T4 and urinalysis and blood pressure measurement are recommended for every 6-12 months thereafter.

Pros of medication

It is relatively inexpensive. Depending on what formulation, how often the medication must be given and which pharmacy is used, costs can vary from $35-$60/month. Cons of medication

The cost of the medication will accumulate over the cat's lifetime since this is a long term treatment. A cat will not become "unhyperthyroid" and thus, is dependent on the Tapazole to suppress the overly active thyroid gland. If the medication is stopped, the cat becomes hyperthyroid again, and the disease process continues.

Blood tests need to be done at regular intervals to ensure continued control of the hyperthyroidism, and these laboratory costs can accumulate (depending on which lab tests are done, the cost can vary from $50-$100 each time). Frequency of testing depends on how the cat responds to the medication and presence of concurrent diseases.

Treatment with radioactive I 131

This treatment permanently treats the cat's condition by eliminating the hyperactive thyroid tissue. This radioisotope works specifically on the thyroid gland and doesn't affect the other organs. This treatment can be done at any time during a hyperthyroid cat's life, even after initiation of treatment with tapazole. Recent blood work and urinalysis is required before referral for this treatment. If a patient has been on tapazole for more than 90 days, stopping the drug for 7 days prior to I131 treatment is required.

Long term maintenance For long term maintenance, treated cats are recommended to have their T4 levels monitored the first and third months post treatment. A complete physical exam with a complete blood panel including T4 and urinalysis and blood pressure measurement are recommended for every 6-12 months thereafter.

Pros of I131

It is a permanent treatment, and it avoids the need for daily medication with Tapazole and eliminates the need for frequent lab testing. It is the treatment of choice for cats that are experiencing adverse effects to Tapazole.

Cons of I131

The treatment is done at only a few facilities with the necessary equipment (a referral can be made for hospitals in the area providing this service).

It can be costly. Total treatment costs are usually around $850-1000. This includes a scan using technetium (not done at all facilities), the I131 injection, general health and radiation monitoring and the stay at the hospital.

After treatment, since the cat and the cat's wastes (urine and feces) are radioactive, they need to be hospitalized for a period of time until their levels drop to an acceptable level. The usual stay in the hospital is 4-10 days during which the cat cannot be visited. Even after discharge, for a period of time-usually 2 weeks, there are certain precautions to be followed such as limiting close contact and extra care with removal of urine and feces from the litter box.

While usually only one treatment with I 131 is needed, occasionally, a second treatment is needed. This is needed in less than 2% of cats. Almost all cats are cured after a second treatment.

Also, while most of cats that have received I 131 will have normal thyroid function after treatment, there are a few cats that have too low thyroid levels (hypothyroid) after treatment. This can occur in less than 5% of cats. If these cats show signs of low energy levels and dull coats with dandruff, these cats will need thyroid supplementation. This medication, thyroxine (Soloxine), is a long term treatment. However, it is less expensive than Tapazole, and fewer medical problems arise from hypothyroidism compared to hyperthyroidism.

Surgery

Surgery can be done to remove the hyperthyroid gland (thyroidectomy). This approach is usually recommended in cases where the thyroid tumor is malignant. Long term maintenance

For long term maintenance, treated cats are recommended to have their calcium levels monitored daily the first 5-7 days post surgery. A complete physical exam with a complete blood panel including T4 and urinalysis and blood pressure measurement are recommended for every 6-12 months thereafter.

Pros of Surgery

It is usually a permanent treatment.

Cons of Surgery

These cats are often at risk with anesthesia. Occasionally, the hyperthyroid tissue can re-grow, resulting in recurrence of the hyperthyroidism, months to years after a successful thyroidectomy. Occasionally, hypothyroidism can result after surgical removal, thus necessitating thyroid supplementation.

Occasionally, inadvertently, the parathyroid glands, responsible for control of calcium and phosphorus levels of the body, can be removed during surgery to result in low blood calcium levels, a life-threatening problem that can result in seizures and muscle spasms. This condition is usually temporary, and calcium supplementation can help treat this, but calcium levels must be closely monitored post-operatively.

Ablation

This relatively new technique is done only at UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine where ultrasound-guided ablation of the hyperthyroid tissue is done by an injection of ethanol. The technique is considered safe with relatively few side-effects.

Prognosis

Like most other diseases, hyperthyroidism is best diagnosed and treated in its early stages. The prognosis depends on the cat's condition at the time of diagnosis, its response to treatment and the presence of concurrent diseases such as kidney failure, diabetes, liver disease and cancer.

Whatever mode of treatment that is chosen to treat your cat's hyperthyroidism, it is important that you consistently give medication, follow up for necessary tests for monitoring your cat and notice changes in your cat's overall demeanor, energy levels, appetite, water consumption and urine output.

It is important you work closely with your veterinarian in following up with the appropriate tests and advice to ensure control of your cat's disease. Together, you can provide a good quality of life for your cat.

If you have any questions regarding this disease or its treatment, don't hesitate to contact your veterinarian.

The above is general veterinary information. Do not begin any course of treatment without consulting your regular veterinarian. All animals should be examined at least once every 12 months.

About the author: Linda Mar Veterinary Hospital and its cat-only affiliate, Coastal Cat Clinic, are small animal practices located in Pacifica, California. To find a veterinarian or to learn more about the vet clinic and our staff, visit:[http://lindamarvet.com/]



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Newest Articles

Spot-On Flea and Tick Treatment Q&A

Due to an increase in adverse reactions to spot-on flea and tick products (treatments placed over the animal' back), the EPA is intensifying its evaluation of these agents. At this time, the agency is said to be investigating all brands and types of spot-on treatments, and they have not specified that any one particular product is of most concern. Both products purchased directly from a veterinarian and those bought over the counter are being evaluated. Although the agency has not released any specific data as to the statistical breakdown of types of adverse reactions, side effects are reported to range from skin irritation, to seizure and death.
Continue Reading About Spot-On Flea and Tick Treatment Q&A


Ensure A Good Relationship Between Your Cat And Your Kids

Many parents know that the best way for children to learn compassion and the importance of keeping commitments is by helping to care for a pet. Children learn from watching the adults in their lives. If a child can learn to treat an animal with respect they can take that lesson into later life. A cat can be a marvellous, loving companion for a child, but it is up to the adults in the family to ensure the cat and the kids live together happily ever after.

When you first bring a cat home, explain to your child that they will need to be patient, quiet and gentle to help the cat feel safe. Sit on the floor with your child and help him practice patience as the cat gets up the courage to come close. Let your child feed the cat a piece of food from his hand. If the cat is reluctant to come close, have your child gently toss a piece of food close to the cat. Once the cat realizes what your child is offering, the ice will melt.

Very young children can easily overwhelm a cat or kitten with their exuberance. Children under the age of five years should always be supervised when playing with or handling a cat. Children over 12 years can usually be trusted to be gentle, but be sure to occasionally check up on kids under 12 years when they spend concentrated time with the family cat.

You should remind children that they should not disturb a sleeping cat, or a cat that is using its litter tray.

Kittens appear to be amazingly flexible, and children often think nothing of draping a weeks-old cat over the crook of the arm and carrying it around like a toy, or picking up a kitten by the scruffof its neck. In this position, it is easy for the kitten to be dropped and seriously injured. Also, being carried like this leaves the cat feeling unsupported with it's hind legs swinging in space.
Continue Reading About Ensure A Good Relationship Between Your Cat And Your Kids


How to Make Cat Grooming Easier

Regularly grooming your pet cat help lessen hair ball problems and will make the fur of your cat look more healthy and shinny. Usually, cats love to be groomed but not all cats enjoy it. This article aims to help pet owners to make cat grooming easier. However hesitant your cat maybe to grooming you can still find ways to make it enjoy grooming. One way is to take advantage of upir cat's natural enjoyment of human contact. Even if you have a very aloof cat it also enjoys petting. Read the following pointers that you should remember in order to make grooming session with your cat will be stress free and enjoyable.

Reasons why your cat doesn’t want to be groomed:
•#Your cat has sensitive part of her body
•#Dominant personality

First of all, you need to understand why your pet cat dont want to be groomed. Just like you, pets also has their sensitive parts and this is one of the reasons why your pet dont want to be touched or groomed. Another reason is injury. If your pet has injury or in pain it will most likely run away from you when you try to groom it. That’s why it is advisable to check your pet's body to know which part of his body is sensitive or if your pet has any kind of injury. Once you know those areas then you can avoid it when you try to groom your pet but just make sure that you stop whenever your cat is starting to feel irritated. Thinking of other ways how to groom your cat like what I already mentioned can help your cat think that grooming is also pleasurable for him.

A cat that havent experienced that much grooming before is another tough case to break. You should slowly work your cat to get it used to grooming or even petting or giving it rewards after grooming can be very effective. Cats with dominant personally can also be reluctant to grooming. This kind of cat will usually refuse when someone is petting them or touching their head and other parts of their body which makes it hard to groom.
Continue Reading About How to Make Cat Grooming Easier


Cat Behavior Facts Few People Know

Epics, novels and movies have always portrayed cats as unpredictable and moody creatures. Many consider cats as mysterious creatures. However, the truth cannot be further from this. A cat is as normal and predictable as any other animals. The only condition is that we need to know what to expect from a cat in terms of normal behavior.

People consider cats as 'cute' little animals only to give them up at the slightest hint of aggression or litter issues. Most people do not do their homework well before keeping a cat. Cats are different than dogs and that's where people greatly misunderstand cats.

Being distant relatives to the much larger cats we see in the wild, (of course our kitty is much smaller), they are able to eat at frequent intervals. COnsuming anywhere from 10 grams to a quarter of a cup at a time.

The reason for this is that it is instinctual to keep their digestive system in optimal condition. In addition to eating frequently these instinctual creature just like their relatives can go a day to two without eating anything, and as long as they don't seem to be sick this is a very normal behavior.

Cats love to sleep! In fact, sleeping is the main activity on their agenda followed by hunting, chasing and eating. At time it may seem like all a cat does is sleep and eat.

Unlike a dog that sleeps with his ears cocked and gets up at the slightest noise, a cat can sleep through anything. So don't be surprised if your cat finds some warm and soft place and disappears for a while for his catnap.

Cats are a clean creature and like to keep things private. They like their litter boxes to be hidden in a private place. In fact after a cat uses the litter box they bury it in litter covering up and hiding their business. This behavior is a learned behavior that they pick up from their mothers at a very young age.

These are just a few cat behaviors cat owners should know. Now, that you know these behaviors it is easier to know when a cat is being normal and when a cat is acting odd.
Continue Reading About Cat Behavior Facts Few People Know




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Pet Food Field Trip I took a pet food field trip to Walmart yesterday. It was a discouraging visit. I won't mention any pet foods by name - but the trip provided me with some valuable pet food sales tricks to share with you.

The number one interesting marketing technique - and I have changed the exact words to protect the identity of this pet food (gotta play nice)...Blazoned across one pet food was Crunchy Beefy Nuggets. Did you catch it? Crunchy Beefy Nuggets is a trademark name (little TM after the Nuggets) - it's a name! It has nothing to do with the pet food - it is literally just a name. Very slick.

The most common sales technique I found was pet foods that are 'flavored'. The actual name of the pet food was 'Steak and Vegetable Flavor' or 'Chicken and Fish Flavor' - one even got very specific with the name mentioning Albacore Tuna and Yellow Fin Tuna FLAVOR. The trick there is the pet food is just FLAVORED with steak and vegetables or Albacore Tuna - that's not really what's in the pet food!!! Again - it's just the flavor. Most people do not get that - they see Albacore Tuna and Yellow Fin Tuna or they see Steak and Vegetable --- they don't see Flavor. Most pet owners just assume that since the front of the pet food bag - in big bold letters says Albacore Tuna on it - it's got Albacore Tuna inside the bag. If the food actually had Steak and Albacore Tuna in it - it wouldn't say 'Flavor' on the front - it would say 'with Steak and Albacore Tuna' and it would cost more than $.50 cents a can or $5.00 a bag (Albacore Tuna does cost more than Albacore Tuna Flavor).

One of the Walmart pet foods stated 'No Fillers' on the front of the bag. However in the ingredient list I found Ground Corn, Chicken by-products, Corn Gluten Meal to be the first three ingredients of the pet food. That reads like fillers to me!
Continue Reading About Pet Food Field Trip


Flea Yard Control

Yard flea control is an essential part of controlling flea infestation outside the home. No matter how diligent you are about controlling fleas inside the home, if your cat goes outside, he could pick up fleas in an uncontrolled yard and bring them inside, making indoor flea control difficult if not impossible.

Controlling Fleas by Understanding Their Life Cycle Simply killing adult fleas isn't enough to control flea infestation; flea larvae hatch from eggs and then mature into adults. In order to control flea infestation, you'll need to kill flea eggs and larvae as well as adult fleas. You should be aware that flea control is often an ongoing process; fleas can reappear if you aren't diligent in your control methods.

Preparing Your Lawn for Flea Control Treatment Many cat owners choose to treat their lawns chemically in order to control fleas. Before you consider using a chemical treatment, prepare your lawn to minimize flea hiding places and ensure that chemical treatment has the maximum effect.

The first step in lawn preparation is mowing your lawn. Mowing your lawn regularly can have enormous flea control benefits, as it allows sunlight to penetrate the soil, where flea eggs and larvae live. When sunlight penetrates the flea egg or larval cocoon, it can be harmful or even deadly for them.

Remove any weeds from your lawn, especially those growing around fence lines and in sidewalk cracks. Remove weeds from around play equipment and furnishings.

Take steps to keep unwanted animals out of your lawn. Fill gaps in your fencing and cover trash cans that might tempt wild animals and strays. Stray cats, dogs and even wild animals can bring more fleas into your yard. Because keeping unwanted animals entirely out of your lawn at all times is most likely impossible, you'll need to repeat flea control treatments regularly to prevent re-infestation.
Continue Reading About Flea Yard Control


Cats, Coyotes and Coons!

My cat Spike had become uncommonly skittish when he was in his bed in the garage. He has two beds, one in the house and one in the garage. Even if I was outside with him he would nervously keep watch on his surroundings as if expecting something to jump from behind a tree and grab him. If he wanted to go into the garage from the house, he would nervously watch the garage door for any movement from the night. He even had me opening the door and looking outside to see if anything was going on. Spike seemed to be watching for any sign of the raccoons that had camped out in our garage during the summer. When we had chased off all the raccoons except one, we breathed easier, but then Spike almost lost his leg due to a scuffle with the largest raccoon. Spike had gotten between the raccoon and some leftover food in the cat's dish, leaving the cat with a badly mangled left rear foot.

About the same time, the neighbor's two large dogs that were kept in a pen in their back yard began to go nuts each night about two in the morning. They would howl, bark, and lunge at the fence! You could hear the dog's bodies hitting the chain link fence all the way too my house, two doors away! At this point we still didn't know what was causing the commotion each night.

A few weeks went by and now Spike was spending most of his night time in the house, while the dogs continued to bark each evening after dark. Only after we spotted the coyote crossing the road to trot in our direction did we know what was causing the disturbance. That's when we named the Coyote, Ruckus!
Continue Reading About Cats, Coyotes and Coons!


Problems That Aging Cats are Susceptible to

It’s a given that a cat ages more rapidly than what humans do. Some veterinarians will tell you that a one-year old cat is equivalent to a 16-year old child, although I think this is extreme. The different schools of thoughts propounded by vets and feline experts will tell you that the ratio is anywhere from 4 to 7:1 when it comes to comparing the aging process of a feline to that of a human. Despite the difficulty in predicting an exact age, most vets and experts consider a feline to be “geriatric” once it is 10 years old.

Cats are now living longer than ever before with the average age of a house cat that has been well cared for being around 15 years of age. Additionally, cats that have been neutered or spayed tend to live longer than those that have not been. The speculation here is that cats that have not been “fixed” tend to roam around a lot more and are there prone to even fatal injuries. It also holds true that they succumb to diseases and health maladies because of exposure to the outside environment.

Felines are amazing pieces of machinery, so to speak, in that they have the capability of repairing themselves. For instance, despite the fact that they have two kidneys, they only need a part of one of them in order to stay healthy. Eventually, the aging process in cats takes its toll on them, just like it does with us, and therefore they experience those bodily changes that are characteristically associated with getting older.

The bottom line here is that the key elements of exercise, health care, and proper nutrition, combined with the special care they need once they have entered their “golden years,” will affect your cat’s life expectancy positively. The following list, though quite lengthy, are the more common conditions and problems that older cats may eventually face and that you as an owner will have to deal with when they arise:

* Anemia
* Arthritis and stiff joints
* Blood pressure problems
* Bone brittleness and weakness
* Breathing issues resulting from less flexibility of the lung muscles
* Cancer
* Decreased brain cell count
* Decreased control of body temperature
* Decreased functions of the kidneys and liver
* Decreased intestinal and stomach functions which oftentimes lead to impaired digestive processes
* Decreased production of saliva and difficulties in swallowing
* Decreased sensitivity to all the senses excluding touch
* Dehydration resulting from a decreased sensitivity to thirst
* Greater occurrence of infection due to increased susceptibility
* Increased bone brittleness
* Mouth ulcers
* Muscle dysfunction and weakness
* Periodontal conditions and tooth loss
* Shallower sleeping patterns which leads to irritability and temperament issues
* Skin abnormalities such as abnormally brittle or misshaped claws, alopecia, and dullness of the coat

From the time they are kittens, cats need to be provided with four critical elements in order to enter their golden years in the best possible shape – an appropriate amount of regular exercise, good health care, proper nutrition, and a stimulating lifestyle. About the Author
Problems That Aging Cats are Susceptible to
For more easy, practical tips on taking great care of your cat be sure to visit the author’s feline health site now.

Getting Ready for the Newborn Kittens

Caring for your cat during pregnancy may require a lot of time and effort in your part but it is a very wonderful and rewarding experience. But after the kittens are already born, you will need to do a different task and that is to take care of the newborn kittens. These kittens will need special kind of attention and care and you must make sure that you could provide it to them.

One good way to start is to prepare your home for the arrival of the newborn kittens. Kittens tend to play with, chew, or nibble anything that attracts their interest like plants, cords, and other materials. You should remove the things that could be harmful to the newborn kittens like anything that could poison them or hurt them. Electrical cords must be kept out of reach. Look for anything sharp and pointed and remove them from the area immediately. Deal with anything that could strangle your kitten like ropes, ribbons, and cords to provide a safer place for your kittens.

You might also want to save your curtains and drapes from kitten scratches so it would be advisable to tie them up so your kittens will not be able to reach them. Make sure that the cabinet for your cleaning liquids are out of your kittens’ reach. Most of these cleaning liquids are poisonous and you wouldn't want your kitty to play with them to prevent any kind of accident.

Another good preparation that you should not forget is to shop for things that your kitten will need. You will have to shop for foods that are suitable for newborn kittens. You should opt for foods that could give your kittens the kind of nutrition they need for growth. The food should also be easily digestible by kittens to prevent any troubles with their tummy.

You should also get them the things they need like their own bowls, kitty basket or bed, blanket, litter box, and toys. This is to ensure that your kittens will be comfortable and that they will have a good playing time. You should provide them with warm and comfortable place or area to sleep in. When choosing toys for your little kittens, make sure that they are safe and will not put the safety of your kittens at risk.

Lastly, you must make sure that your kittens are healthy. After birth, you could have a vet take a look at them to check them up for any illness and to give them vaccines that they need. If your vet saw some signs and symptoms that suggest illness, your kitten might be subjected to some tests and examinations. This is to ensure that they will grow healthy and will reduce the risk of getting sick. These things will help prepare you and your home for the arrival of your cat’s newborn kittens. You will not have to get worried about their safety inside your home and you can be sure that you will able to provide them with anything they need for them to grow happy and healthy.

About the Author
Getting Ready for the Newborn Kittens
My name is Shaun Bradley and I am an avid Cat Lover/Owner. I have had cats ever since I can remember. Now I have just two cats named Sylvia and Goldie. They are great pets and fairly simple to take care of as long as you know some easy cat training tips. Visit my website for more information http://www.trainingyourcats.com

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Homemade Kitten Food

Do you need a cheap, healthy alternative to store bought kitten food to help wean your kittens off their mother's milk and transition them to traditional canned kitten food? More than likely, they have shown little interest in regular canned food, preferring the milk to anything you might put in their bowl. Dry food will also be too hard on their developing teeth. The best option would be to start them on a food that reminds them of what they prefer, but can be mixed with traditional wet food to help transition them over. This recipe is simple to make, and kittens find it delicious.

Bring 1 1/2 cups of water to a boil, then remove the pan from the heat and mix in one envelope of unflavored gelatin. Be sure to mix thoroughly, and do not boil the gelatin. If the water tastes bad or has a heavy chlorine taste when it comes out of the tap, consider using filtered water instead.

Pour this mixture into a blender along with half of a 12 ounce can of goat's milk. Blend just long enough to combine thoroughly. Do not substitute cow's milk because cats tend to be lactose intolerant. Using cow's milk can lead to discomfort, diarrhea, and worse if fed to kittens.

Add the following ingredients one at a time. After each addition, blend briefly to combine before moving on to the next. You will want to use the lowest setting to avoid overmixing. Add: 3 tbsp full fat yogurt, 3 tbsp real mayonnaise, 3 tsp light corn syrup, and 1 raw egg yolk. Concerning the egg yolk, raw eggs carry a small risk of salmonella poisoning. To eliminate any risk of accidentally passing this on to your kittens, use eggs that have been pasteurized in their shells.

You can serve the completed homemade kitten food the way it is, or you can store it for use later. To store for later usage, cover the mixture tightly in a small container. You can store it in the refrigerator for up to ten days or in your freezer for up to three months.

If you are going to use food that you have prepared in advance, you will want to warm it up before serving, especially if it is coming from the refrigerator or freezer. Cold food causes severe stomach upset in kittens. Warming it up will also make it more aromatic, and thus more appetizing to the kittens.

Cat allergies

How to Litter Train A Kitten

If the mother cat is still in the home and she is already litter trained, then litter training her kittens is a natural process. Her kittens will simply follow what she does. However, ultimately, each cat should have its own litter tray or else it may create a host of other litter tray problems for you!

For most kitten owners, the mother cat is not in the home if the kitten was orphaned or purchased. But this is not a problem. It is easy to litter train a cat when it's still a little kitten. Cats are creatures of habit and it may not be as easy to litter train once they have become used to their favorite toilet spots.

The key to litter training a kitten is to let it get used to the litter tray as soon as possible. You will need to manually place your kitten onto the tray initially, as it is neither used to it nor is it able to climb over the edge to get in.

Most kittens would defecate soon after waking up and after a meal. You could place your kitten in the litter tray during these times and after a few weeks, your kitten would get used to the routine and it would become a habit.

Just be sure to place the litter tray a reasonable distance away from where the kitten is fed and where it sleeps. Cats and kittens are fastidious creatures and do not like to do their toilet near where they eat and sleep.

When a kitten is still very young, it will not be able to "cover up" very well after its toilet, as most adult cats are capable of. But you don't have to worry about this. Once they are about 1 to 2 months old, they will instinctively know how to cover up their poop.

In the wild or in the garden, cats will scoop soil and earth to cover but in the home, if you provide commercial cat litter, they will naturally scoop the litter to cover up the poop. You will notice, even if you only provide a newspaper for their soiling, your kitten will still scoop at the newspaper in an instinctive act to cover up their poop.

Although you can expect to pick up poop after your kitten in the first few weeks, litter training a kitten is relatively easy and can be 100% trouble-free once it gets used to the routine of using the litter tray.

Cat litter box location strategies

New Kitten Care - How to Kitten-proof Your Home

A very important aspect of new kitten care is keeping your kitten safe from danger. There are a lot of potential hazards round the home for little kittens. This article lists the most common ones and suggests ways you can minimize risks to your kitten and keep her safe.

Washing machine and tumble dryer:
If you leave the door open and there are clothes inside, there's a good chance your kitten will climb in and go to sleep. Always check your kitten isn't inside these before you use them.

Fridge and freezer:
As soon as you've used these, shut the door.

Hob and oven:
Shut the oven door as soon as you've finished with it. Cover hot hob plates.

Raw meat:
Keep it out of reach - it can give your kitten food poisoning.

Garbage:
Put all garbage in a sealed bin that your kitten can't access.

Plants:
Many plants are poisonous to cats. If you're not sure whether a certain plant is safe for your kitten if she eats it, put it out of her reach.

Pot pourri:
The oils used to scent this can be poisonous.

Open fires and candles:
Use a guard on the fire. Never leave a kitten in a room alone with lit candles.

Electrical wires:
If your kitten is a wire chewer, you'll need to put wires out of her reach or buy plastic covers for them.

Curtain tie-backs and cords on window blinds:
Kittens can get caught in these. Either remove them completely or tie them up out of reach.

Filled bathtubs and sinks:
Make sure your kitten doesn't have access to the room when the tub or sink is full.

Open toilet:
Try to get into the habit of keeping the lid down when the toilet's not in use.

Medications:
Keep them in a cupboard that your kitten can't get into.

Small objects:
Kittens can swallow small things like paper clips, rubber bands, staples and needles.

String, wool, fishing line and thread:
Kittens can swallow large quantities of these. For this reason, balls of wool or string and pom-poms aren't good toys for cats.

Household chemicals:
Most cleaners etc. are highly poisonous to cats and need to be kept somewhere your kitten can't access.

Tobacco:
Tobacco, nicotine patches and nicotine gum are all poisonous to cats.

Reclining chairs, futons, folding beds, drawers:
If kittens get caught when this type of furniture is moved, they can get crushed. Make sure your kitten isn't asleep somewhere she could get trapped before you use any of these.

Safety is a major factor for new kitten care. It's fairly easy to keep your kitten safe as long as you anticipate potential dangers and take the necessary steps to prevent them. Putting brightly colored post it notes up around your home is a good way to do this. Stick the notes on or near potential dangers - for example the fridge, washing machine, oven, toilet and futon - and anywhere else that could be a hazard.

Cat allergies

Kitten Feeding with a Bottle

Kitten feeding can feel like a difficult process without a mother cat to do it for you. Newborn kittens are so tiny and fragile, and have to operate almost entirely by instinct. It may seem a daunting task at first, but the process of kitten feeding with a bottle is not so much from that of feeding a newborn human. Once they know what to do, they will do it all on their own. All you have to do is show them proper care and follow a few simple guidelines.

Step 1 Make up the bottle of formula. To do this, first sterilize the bottle and nipple in boiling water for several minutes and allow to cool thoroughly before adding the KMR (kitten milk replacement) formula. KMR is specifically formulated for kittens, and cow's milk is not an adequate replacement. To avoid clumping, add just a little bit of water to the powdered mix and stir until thoroughly combined before adding the rest of the hot water. The final temperature of the formula should be about 95 degrees. If the bottle gets cold, just warm it up in a small bowl of very warm water, but always check the temperature before offering it to the kitten.

Step 2 Prepare the kitten. Place a warm, soft towel either on your lap or on the feeding surface, then place the kitten gently on top of it. When feeding newborn kittens, they will need to be lying flat on their stomachs. It is best if you can do this with the kitten gently cuddled against you, because you need to be sure that the kitten is warm before feeding. Cold kittens do not digest their formula well.

Step 3 Feed the kitten. Gently work the nipple against the kitten's mouth. They will get the idea quickly and take it in. If not, very gently stroke the kitten until it gets the idea. You will need to do this six to ten times per day, around the clock, just like a newborn human. Newborn kittens will need a little over one ounce of formula per day, divided between feedings. Be careful to not overfeed them.

Step 4 Clean up and burp the kitten. While the kitten is still on the blanket, gently slip one hand under its belly and hold it while you very lightly pat its upper back. This will stimulate the burp response. Then, using a warm, damp, slightly rough cloth, gently clean its anal and genital area to stimulate urination and defecation.

Step 5 Put the kitten back to bed. It is worn out from its feeding and needs to rest.

Cat allergies

Getting Ready for the Newborn Kittens

Caring for your cat during pregnancy may require a lot of time and effort in your part but it is a very wonderful and rewarding experience. But after the kittens are already born, you will need to do a different task and that is to take care of the newborn kittens. These kittens will need special kind of attention and care and you must make sure that you could provide it to them.

One good way to start is to prepare your home for the arrival of the newborn kittens. Kittens tend to play with, chew, or nibble anything that attracts their interest like plants, cords, and other materials. You should remove the things that could be harmful to the newborn kittens like anything that could poison them or hurt them. Electrical cords must be kept out of reach. Look for anything sharp and pointed and remove them from the area immediately. Deal with anything that could strangle your kitten like ropes, ribbons, and cords to provide a safer place for your kittens.

You might also want to save your curtains and drapes from kitten scratches so it would be advisable to tie them up so your kittens will not be able to reach them. Make sure that the cabinet for your cleaning liquids are out of your kittens’ reach. Most of these cleaning liquids are poisonous and you wouldn't want your kitty to play with them to prevent any kind of accident.

Another good preparation that you should not forget is to shop for things that your kitten will need. You will have to shop for foods that are suitable for newborn kittens. You should opt for foods that could give your kittens the kind of nutrition they need for growth. The food should also be easily digestible by kittens to prevent any troubles with their tummy.

You should also get them the things they need like their own bowls, kitty basket or bed, blanket, litter box, and toys. This is to ensure that your kittens will be comfortable and that they will have a good playing time. You should provide them with warm and comfortable place or area to sleep in. When choosing toys for your little kittens, make sure that they are safe and will not put the safety of your kittens at risk.

Lastly, you must make sure that your kittens are healthy. After birth, you could have a vet take a look at them to check them up for any illness and to give them vaccines that they need. If your vet saw some signs and symptoms that suggest illness, your kitten might be subjected to some tests and examinations. This is to ensure that they will grow healthy and will reduce the risk of getting sick. These things will help prepare you and your home for the arrival of your cat’s newborn kittens. You will not have to get worried about their safety inside your home and you can be sure that you will able to provide them with anything they need for them to grow happy and healthy.

Cat allergies

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Cat Urinary Blockage - You Can Stop Recurring Cystitis Episodes in Your Cat
Cats are prone to feline bladder infections brought on by cystitis. Sometimes you hear a cat urinary blockage referred to as Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease or FLUTD. This can be a deadly condition, but it is also preventable. You can take some simple steps to recognize the symptoms of a blockage in cat and prevent the onset of a FLUTD.

Cornish Rex - the Facts Every Owner of This Cat Breed Should Know
The Cornish Rex breed began as a happy accident of nature. A genetic mutation in a liter of kittens born in the 1950s in Cornwall, United Kingdom, resulted in kittens that had extremely fine and curly down for hair, not the typical thick coat like most breeds of cat. Even the whiskers were curly! Breeders were struck by this, and decided to selective breed this trait through inbreeding and crossbreeding. Many other breeds of cat were used during this period so the 'coat' on a Cornish Rex comes in many colors and patterns.

Recipes for a Chicken Continental Meal With Saucy Carrots and Salad With Tomato Soup French Dressing
For a family meal straight from your grandmother's recipe box, make your family a meal featuring chicken continental, saucy carrots and a lettuce salad tossed with your own homemade tomato soup French dressing. Chicken continental is a chicken and rice dish so you have your meat and grain in one dish. Add saucy carrots as your vegetable and toss a mixture of salad greens with your homemade dressing and you have a good, old-fashion meal to feed your family. This menu is perfect for a sit-down family dinner. If you follow this blog, you know I am a proponent of sit-down family meals. I believe it is a lost art in today's generation and one we as a society will eventually pay for. Whether you are a large family with five or six children or a single parent with one child, it is so important to take the time to sit down together at dinner and discuss the days events. It is amazing how much you can learn about your child's life. This is also the perfect opportunity for you to impart your ideas and morals to your child. So take the time. It is important!

Stop and Prevent Cat Diarrhea
This article discusses why cat diarrhea/vomiting are epidemic, what you can give them to quickly stop routine diarrhea; but better still, how to prevent it.



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Cat litter box location strategies

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Recently Added Cat, kitten, cat litter, free content, Articles


Respiratory Problems in Cats and kittens
Feline upper-respiratory problems, a frequent occurrence in catteries, are caused by viral or bacterial infections, acting singly or in consort. Diagnosis and treatment of upper respiratory problems are often difficult because the symptoms of infection – sneezing, coughing and nasal discharge – are common to several upper respiratory diseases. Futhermore, analogous symptoms can be produced by allergic reactions to inhaled substances.

Franky the Cat Saved By Kindness
Franky the cat had a lucky escape all thanks to a kind and persistent cat lover. Mary Jo Schafrath saw him outside a restaurant window and thought he was dead. He was clearly injured and laid motionless looking as though he had had some severe injury to his legs.

Cat Scratching Solutions:
For a cat, scratching is a natural, necessary act. Besides keeping her claws in top shape, the stretching involved in a good scratch keeps her upper body strong and loose.

House train your cat:
Is your house your house or is your cat's house? Is your cat climbing the curtains, chewing cords, digging in the garbage, jumping on counters or tables, ripping the carpet or rugs?

"Your Guide to Cat Breeds"
For the first 8,000 years of their relationship with humans, cats pretty much took care of their own breeding. People kept them for one purpose - hunting rodent - and they are already perfectly designed for that.



temperament of cats
New Article - Declawing - What You Should Know About


Senior Cats Have Senior Moments Too!
The increased availability and advances made in animal care and medication has now afforded our pet cats a much longer life than ever before. It is not so unusual these days for a cat to live well beyond 16 years of age and as much as we benefit from having our pets with us longer, it does give rise to some health problems associated with the older cat.

Pet Horoscopes - GEMINI (5/21-6/20):
Gemini cats are curious, friendly and loaded with energy. These cats may talk a lot. If possible, get a playmate for these animals as they hate to be alone. They are fast learners and can be trained well. Remember to always keep the door shut, or they will be off in a flash, exploring and looking for new friends. With both people and other animals, Gemini cats rarely have favorites. They just love the company of everyone

Cat and Kitten Constipation:
when a cat is chronically constipated it needs serious attention. As the cats age they are more prone to this problem. There are quite a few causes of Cat Constipation. Obstructions like hairballs, tumors and foreign bodies stop the movement of the feces inside the colon, and the fecal matter builds up.This becomes a hard dry mass and distends the colon, which looses its ability to contract and expel feces.This condition is known as megacolon.

Dogs, Cats, And Horses... We Love Them All!:
We have a long history with domesticated animals and even the nay Sayers can't deny their roll in society past and present. There is evidence that as long as 10,000 years ago the Native Americans had domesticated dogs



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Some News About Cat, kitten, cat litter, free content,

  • When stray cats domesticated me

    His neighbor asked if he had any sand for her kitty litter ... to burn all cats and cat lovers to spread godliness throughout Europe. I don't know how much godliness he spread, but he did successfully spread something: rats, finally free of their predators ...

  • Newspaper Cat Litter, Soybean Meal Soil Conditioner, and Other Country Lore

    Newspaper cat litter is safer, recyclable, and free. Most cat litter is made from dried clay, which is rough on the pads of cats' paws, can cause pain and lead to infection. Clay litter can also be tracked through the house, spreading germs and mess.

  • Free to a Loving home two Cats/Kittens a little over a year old .

    Looking for their Forever home a Brother and sister Cat/kittens only a little over 1 year old , very quiet & Loving , neutered and spayed , declawed , cat tower , litter box , food & water trays , 2 travel cages , food , litter . All they need is a safe ...

  • Ask the Cat Behaviorist: Mikel Delgado Answers Questions About Cats Who Wake Up their Guardians, Aggressive Cats, Cats Who Bury Their Food, and More

    Do you use a soft, clumping, unscented litter? Do you clean them regularly? The third step is making sure your cat is living a relatively stress-free, enriched life. Play, routine and other forms of environmental stimulation are important to cats.

  • 20 cat-approved gifts for your fancy feline

    It's tall enough that most cats should be able to stretch and scratch to their heart's content. You can also check out our guide ... The ceramic PetSafe Drinkwell Pagoda Fountain has dual free-flowing streams to keep water fresh and bacteria-free.

  • 5 Cutest Cat Care Games for Android

    But, the cats are still cute, even though they aren't kawaii. The best thing about the games on this list is that they're all free-to-play, so you can download all five games, and everything will still be cheaper than taking care of a real cat. Of course ...

  • Free cats - help curb the metro's litter problem

    The NHS is waiving adoption fees again on Monday, July 3rd. They're featuring fee-waived adoptions for all cats, 1-year-old and up. The NHS is hoping to encourage adoptions in an effort to free-up space at the shelter. There's a bit of a bump-to-bumper cat ...

  • 8 Tricks to Help Your Cat and Dog to Get Along

    Buy tall cat trees, install shelves, or place a cat bed atop a bookcase. This allows your cat to observe the dog from a safe distance, or cross a room without touching the floor. And while you’re at it, keep dogs away from the litter box. Cats should ...

  • Beth and Howard Stern Love Cats. And They're Using Their Fortune to Save Them

    Beth Stern, a former model, says she and her radio-show-host husband have saved at least 500 cats and kittens ... spends much of his free time as the ultimate cat man — grooming them, socializing them, naming them and even cleaning their litter boxes.

  • Cats can spread gastrointestinal infections

    Dr Deepa Katyal, a city-based veterinarian said, “While infections are subjective in humans depending on the immunity level and preexisting conditions, maintaining hygiene, litter management and frequent de-worming of cats and caretakers is extremely ...



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